Month-to-Month with Emily Chow

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Development Stages


1 Month
  • starts making crawling movements
  • mouth to hand reflex
  • can lift their heads slightly
  • can respond to mother's face, eyes and voice after the first few hours of life
  • quietly picks up items
2 Months
  • eyes would follow the person moving
  • can sit with support
  • can lift their heads up half way
3 Months
  • starts cooing and chuckling
  • eyes can follow objects that move
  • can hold their head up at 45 degrees
4 Months
  • can roll over in both ways
  • toys enters child's mouth
  • can life their head high and chest up
5 Months
  • starts squealing
  • can bring their hands to midline
  • their head won't fall when pulled to sit
6 Months
  • talks to toys
  • sits with help
  • can reach out and grab toys with a hand
7 Months
  • bang toys on tables
  • move toy for left to right or right to left
  • can sit on hard surfaces for a short period of time
8 Months
  • can sit alone
  • ability to say consonant sounds
  • handle toys in each hand
9 Months
  • bangs two toys together
  • ability to stand with support
  • starts crawling/creeping on their hands and knees
10 Months
  • can say "dada and mama"
  • plays "pat-a-cake"/wave bye
  • exploration and poking of toys
11 Months
  • walks around furniture
  • can walk with help of both hands being held
  • can stand unattended
One year
  • walks with only holding one hand
  • can dangle a toy by its string
  • almost walking alone
2-3 Years
13-14 Months
  • speaking 3-6 words
  • walks alone
  • starts scribbling

15 Months
  • can build towers out of blocks
  • can offer toys

16-18 Months
  • hugs bear or dolls
  • can name pictures in a book
  • comprehend simple verbal commands

19-24 Months
  • can turn book pages by themselves
  • can put three words together
  • opens doors
  • walking up and down stairs

25-30 Months
  • jumps in place
  • makes sentences with three words
  • climbing ladders in playground

31-42 Months
  • stand on tiptoes
  • rides tricycle
  • holds pencil with only fingers

Erikson


Oral-sensory
Time: birth - 1 year

The child starts to trust or mistrust. They need people to help them with their needs and if they are happy and sense a feeling of love, the child would learn to trust. If the child do not have their needs for filed, lack of trust in the future with be present.
Muscular-anal
Time: 1 year to 3 years

The child learns to take control and learns how to walk, feed themselves and talk. They need to have outer control and caretaker that is form before the development of control. Shame would form with the child is too self-conscious.
Locomotor-genital
Time: 3 to 5 years

During this stage is when feeling initiative or guilt. This is when fighting with siblings starts occurring. The child would start following the adult word.
Latency
Time: 6 to 11 years

During this stage, they are learning how to build, create and succeed in things. They are more social to others and learn how to work technology. This is when the child might feel inadequacy or feel inferior if the child does not have ways to associate with other peers.
Adolescence
Time: 11 to end of adolescence

The identity of people starts forming but there is a confusion of whom they are. They start experimenting with things and learn morality.

Freud

Oral
Time: Birth to 8 Months

Children gets a sensation in their mouth by putting things into their mouth. This includes sucking, biting, eating or other things involving the mouth. This is to for fill their sexual urges.
Anal
The child learns how to have control and learn how to poop. He soon learns that he can not do what he really wants all the time. He learns how to complete his mom's wishes.
Genital
Time: 11 years to 18 years

This is what masturbation starts occurring and it happens more often than the anal phase. In the beginning people would seek their won sex in the latency period. The superego starts forming and is very flexible while the child adopts rules. The child would follow some rules but not all.
Phallic
Time: 2 years to 6 years

Sexual gratification are more erotic by masturbation. This is when the sexual organs become for conscious. The boy would have unknowingly desire for their mom and would start be jealous of the dad. The girls would want their father and is jealous of the mom.
Latency
The child starts imitating the parent's behavior, manner and gesture and learn more about beliefs and culture, creating superego. This is when they start accepting or not accept their behavior in society.