Child Development Wiki by Sarah Duffy
Child Development Wiki by Sarah Duffy

Month one
There is a lot going on with a newborn. They are able to focus on things in their line of vision after only a little while. They can put their hand to mouth, grasp and spread their toes. Can move head laterally and they respond to the face of their mother hours after birth.
Month two
They can visually follow a person who is walking around the room. They begin to smile during this month and they can sit while supported.
Month three
The infant can only roll one way when it is laid out. They begin to coo which is a start to the language process. Their eyes can follow different objects around the room and they can hold their head up about 45 degrees.
Month four
At four months the infant can roll both ways it starts laughing out loud and begins to hold it's chest and head up.
Month five
the child begins to squeal and can bring thier hands to the midline. They begin to play with fingers. They don't sag their head when they are pulled to sit.
Month six
The baby can sit when it is helped. It talks to toys randomly and can reach out and grab something with one hand.
Month seven
The baby can start vowel sounds, can bang a toy on the table and can use one hand or the other to play with a toy. They can sit for a few seconds when seated on a hard surface.
Month eight
The baby starts to make consonant sounds. They can hold and use the toy in both hands. They can sit alone.
Month nine
the baby can bang two toys together. grasps with thumb and index finger. They can pull themselves into standing, but they can only stand supported. they begin to crawl on their hands and knees.
Month 10
they can wave goodbye. Begin to speak usually by saying "mama" or "dadda" They begin to explore their toys.
Month 11
they hold out their toys but don't let go of them. can walk around with the support of furniture. Only walks when hands are held but they can stand alone.
Month 12
At one year they understand when a parent says give it to me. they say mama and dadda with two other words. They only need one hand for support when they are walking.
13-14 months
They can usually speak about 3-6 words. They enjoy to put things in and then take them out again. They can walk unassisted.
15 months
They use their "own language" or baby babble type speech. They begin to show off or offer their toys.
16-18 month
They have about 10 words in their vocabulary. They can feed themselves with a little bit of spilling. They can understand simiple commands. Their building towers go from 2 block to 3 or 4. They walk fast but still run awkwardly. Can walk up steps with one hand held.
19-24 months
They can put a few words together. Listens to picture stories. Is able to turn pages of a book by themselves. Helps undress themself. They can use a spoon well and they can build a 6 block tower. can walk up and down stairs on at a time but still holds onto rail. They can run rather well at this point and they can identify at least four body parts.
25-30 months
They can repeat up to two digits. They are able to use simple pronouns and put together three word sentences. Their block towers go to 8 blocks instead of 6 and they can very easily use a fork. They begin to walk backwards and they can catch a large ball. Many of their physical activities start to improve or develop during this stage.
31-42 months
They are understood by others for about 75% of what they say. They can hold a pencil and thier block towers now consist of 9 blocks. Their physical develop ment continues to improve such as walking ont their toes and pedaling a tricycle.

A difference in Childrens stages.

In Erikson’s theory there are several stages. Oral sensory- basic trust vs mistrust from about birth to one year Social mistrust is formed by feeding, depth of sleep and bowel relaxation. This depends on the consistency of the caretaker. If trust is strong the child maintains a hopeful and positive attitude. The child n
eeds to depend on others for everything at this stage and trust develops or does not depending on the way and the consistency of care provided by the primary caregiver. Muscular anal stage from 1-3 years they learn to walk and feed themselves. Their muscular maturation comes from holding on and letting go of bowel movements. Self-doubt can be a result if the parents "overly shame their child." The Locomotor genital stage is from three to five years. Sibling rivalry is frequent in this stage and so is the desire to mock adults and the oedipal struggle. The Latency stage is from 6 to 11 years and the child is starting to build create and accomplish things. They receive systematic instruction well. There is more awareness of peers and their status among them. The adolescent stage is from about 11 years to the end of adolescence there is a struggle to develop a sense of self. There is an over preoccupation with appearance and group identity. There is confusion among all things but especially moral and ethical issues. The last two stages are adult hood and maturation and they are filled with feelings of accomplishments and self-reflection over accomplishments that have been made over the individuals’ lifetime.

The second set of stages comes from Freud. There are different views in Freud’s stages which are more sexually driven than Erikson’s stages are. The oral phase starts at birth and lasts till 8 months. The child is controlled by its id and wants gratification immediately. It's all about what it wants and what pleasure it will get right then and there. The most oral activity the child gets pleasure from is eating. Freud believes that this is the way a child fulfills its sexual urges. The anal phase is the child’s concern over the rectum. The bowel movements become a source of pleasure and control for the child. This stage leads to the development of the ego which starts the child thinking that h
e can't always get what he wants when he wants it. They understand the appropriate and inappropriate times for things. The genital phase is from about 11 years to 18 years. There is pleasure gained from excretory activity. In the beginning there are associations made with those of similar sex and Freud believes that they are homosexual in nature. Later on the child develops interest in members of the opposite sex. The super ego becomes more flexible. The Phallic phase is where interest goes to the genital region. Sexual gratification becomes a big part of interest during this phase. The Electra and Oedipal complex come into play during this phase. In the latency phase there is an indifference to sexual matters. Identification with a same sex parent becomes stronger than in previous stages. The child begins to use more beliefs and values which means that the super ego is developing. The child understands what is acceptable and what is not.